A healthy mouth can help maintain a healthy body: Dentist Dr Afhsan Rahmat

In general, people know oral health as healthy teeth, but poor oral health can lead to many health problems throughout the body because the mouth is the gateway to the body. However, poor oral health in women can lead to more health problems due to their unique hormonal changes.

In an interview with Rising Kashmir correspondent Misabah Bhat, dental surgeon at PHC Brein, Dr Afshan Rahmat talks about the importance of oral health in women and how it affects their overall well-being. .

What is oral health?

Oral health means the health of the mouth. It is multi-faceted and includes the ability to speak, smile, smell, taste, touch, chew, swallow and convey a range of emotions through facial expressions confidently and without pain, discomfort and disease of the craniofacial complex (head, face and cavity).

How do female hormones affect oral health?

Women may be more susceptible to oral health issues because of the unique hormonal changes they undergo at certain stages of life. Hormones not only affect the blood supply to gum tissue, but also the body’s response to toxins resulting from plaque buildup leading to the development of periodontal disease.

How Does the Menstrual Cycle Affect Oral Health?

During the menstrual cycle, there is an increase in the levels of the hormone progesterone due to which some women experience oral changes which may include bright red swollen gums, swollen salivary glands, the development of canker sores or bleeding gums. . Menstrual gingivitis usually starts a day or two before your period starts and goes away soon after your period starts.

How Does Birth Control Affect Oral Health?

Birth control pills contain progesterone, which increases the level of this hormone in the body. These hormonal changes can cause an inflammatory response in your gums, resulting in sore, swollen, or bleeding gums.

How Does Pregnancy Affect Oral Health?

Almost 60 to 75 percent of pregnant women suffer from gingivitis which occurs when the gums become red and swollen, which can be made worse by hormonal changes during pregnancy. The gums tend to bleed easily and are edematous. Periodontitis has also been associated with poor pregnancy outcomes, including premature birth and low birth weight. Pregnant women can also be at risk for cavities due to changes in their eating habits.

How Does Menopause Affect Oral Health?

During menopause, the usual rhythmic hormonal fluctuations of the female cycle are over. There is a drop in the level of estrogen hormones, which increases the risk of loss of bone density in women, a condition called osteoporosis. Bone loss, especially in the jaw, can lead to tooth loss. Receding gums can be a sign of bone loss in the jaw. Other oral changes include altered spots, a burning sensation in the mouth, increased sensitivity to hot and cold foods, and decreased salivary flow which can lead to a dry mouth.

How Are Oral Problems Related to Other Health Problems?

The mouth is a gateway to the body. Researchers have found a link between declining oral health and underlying systemic conditions. A healthy mouth can help you maintain a healthy body. The bacterial population represents 2 kg of total body weight for a normal and healthy human being.

Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease initiated by pathogenic bacteria. It can greatly increase the risk of certain systemic diseases such as coronary heart disease (CHD) or related events such as angina, heart attack, diabetes mellitus, preterm labor, low birth weight delivery birth and respiratory conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Bacteria can spread from the oral cavity into the bloodstream, causing infective endocarditis. Therefore, your dentist may suggest that you take preventative antibiotics before performing any dental procedures.

What are the best ways to practice good oral hygiene at home?

There are many things you can do to keep your teeth healthy. Dental and oral diseases can be significantly reduced by:

– Brush your teeth at least twice a day (preferably with fluoride toothpaste)

– Flossing at least once a day

– Rinse the mouth with an antiseptic mouthwash at least once a day

– Decrease in sugar consumption

– Eat well (fruits and vegetables)

– Avoid tobacco products

– Drink fluoridated water

– Brush the tongue to eliminate bacteria

– Replace the toothbrush every 3-4 months

How can a woman prevent oral health problems?

There are five stages in a woman’s life when changes in hormone levels make them more susceptible to oral health issues – puberty, the menstrual cycle, when using oral contraceptives, during pregnancy and menopause. Particular attention should be paid to their oral health during these stages.

In addition to the tips mentioned above, a woman should not skip dental appointments during pregnancy. It is safe for pregnant women to receive dental care. Just be sure to let your dentist know that you are pregnant.

The best ways to practice good oral hygiene

– Brush your teeth at least twice a day

– Floss at least once a day

– Rinse the mouth with an antiseptic mouthwash at least once a day

– Decrease sugar consumption

– Eat well (fruits and vegetables)

– Avoid tobacco products

– Drink fluoridated water

– Brush your tongue to eliminate bacteria

– Replace the toothbrush every 3-4 months

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