Home fertility tests: 5 to consider

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Fertility tests monitor hormones and sperm count and can tell people how likely they are to become pregnant. Home fertility tests for women and men are available for purchase online.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that people who wish to be pregnant and who are under 35 should contact a doctor if they do not conceive after 1 year of sex without contraception. People aged 35 or over should see a doctor after 6 months.

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Home fertility tests can be a useful first step for people who want to conceive. People may receive results from a test kit sooner than results from a fertility specialist.

Tests are available for both men and women.

A 2015 systematic review found that 4.5% to 6.0% of men in the United States suffer from infertility, and factors related to the male body contribute to half of the cases in which conception is difficult.

A test can tell if a person is producing the right level of hormones and if the sperm count, shape, and motility are within normal limits for causing pregnancy.

However, these tests are not a substitute for an appointment with a doctor, such as a fertility specialist. It is a good idea to interpret the test results with the help of a healthcare professional.

These tests check for different factors, depending on whether a person is male or female.

Home fertility tests for men

These usually check the sperm count. Male fertility typically involves making and delivering semen into a partner’s vagina through the semen that the penis ejaculates.

Factors that can influence male fertility include:

Home fertility tests for women

These can check the levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). Some tests also look at the levels of other hormones that can affect fertility, such as estrogen and progesterone. These hormones also play an important role in puberty, ovulation and pregnancy.

Learn more about female sex hormones here.

Having too much FSH can indicate a change in health that can reduce fertility. This change can involve menopause or loss of ovarian function.

Tests that check LH levels can tell people when they are ovulating. Having sex during ovulation can increase the likelihood of getting pregnant. LH levels rise by about 36 hours before an ovary releases an egg.

Learn more about ovulation here.

Ovulation tests, sometimes called OPK, can help a person find the time of their highest fertility. Another name for this period is the “fertile window”. If a person uses these tests regularly and the result is never positive, it may be a sign that ovulation is not occurring.

The process depends on the type of test and whether it checks for male or female fertility. There may also be differences from one brand to another.

Male fertility tests usually require a semen sample, and a person may need to send it to a lab for analysis.

Most FSH and LH tests involve urinating on a test strip and waiting for a result to appear. However, others require a blood sample, which a person can take at home with a finger prick. Test kits provide instructions and tools.

Several online retailers sell home fertility test kits. Here are some options that a person might consider.

Please note, the author has not tested these products. All information below is based on research.

LetsGetChecked Home Female Fertility Test

LetsGetChecked offers three female fertility tests:

All of the company’s tests require a finger-prick blood sample, and they give results within 5 days of receiving the sample for analysis.

LetsGetChecked has a calculator on its website to help people tell when in their menstrual cycle to take each test. Prices vary depending on the type of test.

EverlyWell Fertility Test for Women

This test checks the levels of five hormones, including LH, FSH, and thyroid stimulating hormone. The results may indicate whether it would be helpful to see a doctor about any health problems that may affect fertility.

To use the test, a person must use a finger prick to collect a blood sample. After sending it to the EverlyWell lab, a person receives their results within days on a smartphone or other device. The company pays the shipping costs.

EverlyWell offers this test as a one-time purchase or subscription.

Mira Fertility Plus Starter Kit

Mira Fertility Plus offers this way to help monitor ovulation and fertility. The test involves immersing a tool called a wand in the urine and placing it in an analyzer, which sends the results to the person’s smartphone through an app.

This test checks the levels of hormones that can indicate ovulation. Mira says people can use this test up to 20 times per menstrual cycle for better results.

The company offers a one-year warranty on analytical devices and a 90-day money-back guarantee on chopsticks.

Grandma semen analysis

Dadi offers semen test kits. A person takes the sample at home, sends it to the lab for analysis, and receives the results within 24 hours.

The company can store multiple vials of semen for free for 1 year, and it takes 10 videos of a person’s semen. According to the company, each kit is tamper-proof and requires two-factor security authentication to view test results.

All of Dadi’s tests can be used with Health Savings Accounts and Flexible Savings Accounts (FSA). The company offers three tests, each providing a different level of analysis.

Inherited semen analysis

This test includes a full spectrum analysis of sperm count, vitality, concentration and morphology.

Someone picks up the specimen at home and sends it to the company with prepaid shipping. Legacy may offer additional short-term semen storage with some of its test kits. Users can purchase additional storage space for a monthly or annual fee.

Legacy offers three test kits. The For Today kit analyzes a sample, provides additional short-term semen storage, and is FSA eligible. The For Tomorrow Kit analyzes two samples and the Forever Kit analyzes three samples and provides lifetime sperm storage.

Making certain lifestyle changes can increase fertility. the CDC recommend:

The CDC also describes several options for people who have difficulty conceiving. These include:

  • assisted reproductive technologies, such as in vitro fertilization
  • clomiphene citrate, a medicine that can help ovulation
  • metformin, a medicine that doctors usually prescribe to treat diabetes, but which may benefit fertility in some people

People under 35 who hope to become pregnant should contact a doctor if they have difficulty conceiving after 1 year of sex without contraception. People 35 years of age or older should do this after 6 months. A person can see a doctor sooner if they have any health problems that can affect fertility.

Some people may want to talk to their doctor before trying to conceive. The doctor may recommend lifestyle changes and dietary supplements that can help.

If a fertility test indicates that it may be difficult to conceive, contact a doctor. They can perform additional testing and recommend next steps.

Home fertility tests can help people know when they are most likely to conceive. The tests check the levels of specific hormones and characteristics of the sperm.

Fertility tests should not replace a doctor’s appointment. This can help interpret the results with a healthcare professional, who can provide further advice and, if necessary, treatment.

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